The China Labor Market Development Report 2016, conducted by the Labor Market Center of Beijing Normal University, has been released recently at a seminar held in Beijing on November 24.
The seminar, focusing on female employment in the process of gender equality, drew the attendance of professionals from the International Labor Organization, China's National Development and Reform Commission, Ministry of Human Resources and Social Security and the All-China Women's Federation (ACWF), as well as experts and scholars from institutions of higher learning in Beijing.
Chen Li, vice-president of Beijing Normal University, gave a speech at the event. She pointed out that female growth and employment, as well as women's status in society, are not only important indicators to embody the social progress of a country, but are also key symbols for women's self-development.
Chen said that the report has concluded several prominent characteristics in women's employment, including the key role of China's laws in improving women's equal employment, women's labor participation rate, wage gaps between men and women, the polarization of employment and non-normalization, barriers to promotion, difficulty finding employment for female university students, negative impacts on women's employment due to the implementation of the "two-child" policy, and new opportunities for women against the backdrop of a 'sharing economy'.
Lai Desheng, director of the Labor Market Center of Beijing Normal University, predicted that the gender dividend will become a significant thrust for economic growth in the next stage.
Lai, who also serves as a Changjiang scholar, further explained that gender dividend is the increased economic growth that could be realized with investments in women and girls by improving their labor participation rates and skills at work so as to release their career potential.
In addition, Chinese women's employment is faced with new opportunities as well as challenges and problems in the process of promoting gender equality, said the report.
(Source: Beijing Normal University / Translated and edited by Gender Study Network)