Study on Mythical Narrative in the Gender Culture Perspective: On Goddesses
Author: Liu Qin Uploaded Time: 2017-04-21

This book is adapted from the author's doctoral thesis on the idea of China's "Fainting Goddess" which was prevalent in recent years. Using positive and negative arguments, theoretical evidence, factual evidence and analysis it reveals the bias and mistakes of the idea. This book focuses on the relationship between god and goddess, mother goddess and daughter goddess, goddess and its symbols, goddesses and females. It is divided into twelve parts:

Introduction What is a goddess?
Chapter One Literature Review and Proposal
Section One Research review on the study of the Chinese goddess
1 Study abroad
2 Domestic research
Section Two Theory and Method
1 Cultural evolution
2 Feminist mythology
3 Myth prototype theory
4 Triple evidence
5 Cultural factor analysis
Section Three On the "Fainting Goddess"
1 The idea of the "Fainting Goddess"
2 Logic and errors of the "Fainting Goddess"
3 On the “Return of the Goddess”
Chapter Two Theoretical Premise of the Downgrading of the Goddess Theory
Section One "Matriarchy" is equivalent to "Matriarchy"
1 "Maternal" is not equal to "matriarchy"
2 True meaning of "Matriarchy"
Section Two Take the Original "Great Mother" as a Starting Point
1 What is a "Great Mother"
2 "Great Mother" and "all-round"
3 "Great Mother" and "Big Father"
Section Three "Men and women opposing" in a male-dominated society
1 Relations between men and women under binary relation
2 Male-female relationships under authoritarian rule
Section Four Narrowly-sensed Myth Theory
1 Dispute between narrow-sensed myth and broad-sensed myth
2 Nature of myth
Chapter Three Dispute on Nu Wa's Godhead Downgrading
Section 1 Nuwa is surpassed by Goddess
1 Pangu is a faint replication of Nuwa
2 Pangu is not a God creating heaven and earth in mainstream folk belief
3 Pangu belonged to a different mythology
Section Two Nuwa Losing Independence after Marriage to Fuxi
1 A Goddess of Heaven independent from Fuxi
2 Biding between Fuxi and Nuwa is loose
3 Sculpture of snake Nuwa is a product of the times idolizing dragon and snake
Section Three: Nu Wa Made Man Alone Or Gods Created Humankind Together
1 Nuwa and the Yellow Emperor
2 Nuwa's godhead lifts
Section Four "Nuwa Prayer Temple of God, Praying for Women's Marriage"
Section Five Nuwa's Secularization Downgraded Her Godhead
Chapter Four West Queen Mother's Godhead Downgrading
Section One It is Hard for the West Queen Mother to Gain a Foothold in the Myth Field
Section Two West Queen Mother Loses Independence after Marriage to East Duke
1 West Queen Mother achieved godhead before she met East Duke
2 East Duke did not form his own characteristics in shaping his image
3 West Queen Mother and East Duke get married
Section Three West Queen Mother's "evil" Side weakened in Later Generations, and losing her "Great Mother" status
1 About the "Great Mother"
2 Western Queen Mother is always unity of "good" and "evil"
Section Four West Queen Mother's Godhead of Heavenly Beauty Downgraded
Section Five West Queen Mother's Godhead of Secularization Downgraded
Chapter Five God Spouse
Section One Independent God Split into the Spouse of God
1 Pangu
2 Earth God
3 Hyacinth
4 Gun
Section Two Spouse God as the Original God
1 Bisexual Isolation
2 Androgyny
3 Women and Totem God
4 Myth for siblings' marriage
5 Between "one dimension " and "duality"
Section Three From Spouse of God to Independent God
Section Four Natural Reproduction and Social Reproduction
1 Women's natural reproduction and man's social reproduction
2 Myth in patriarchal society
3 Deep meaning of couvades' practices
Chapter Six God Mother
Section One Origin and Return, Inheritance and Development of Ancient Goddesses
1 Origin and return of ancient goddesses
2 Ancient goddess' inheritance and development of reproduction
Section Two Inductive Child-bearing Mothers
1 Three kinds of inductive child-bearing mothers
2 Stability of inductive child-bearing myth
3 Father or no father
Section Three Gaomei Goddess
Section Four Motherhoods of "God of Daughter "
Section Five Ancient Goddess Conserves the Kernel of the Ancient Myth in Evolution
1 Complexity of the evolution of ancient goddesses
2 Basic core of myths preserved
Section Six "Mother" in Filial Piety
Chapter Seven God of Daughter
Section one Evolution Track of God of Daughter
1 God of Daughter in Early Stages
2 Spectacular world of the God of Daughter
Section Two Love, Beauty, Sex and Marriage
Section Three Beauty Harm Country
Section Four Other Types of God of Daughter
1 Nemesis
2 Goddess of Wisdom
Section Five Feminized God of Mother
Chapter Eight Goddess and Its Symbology
Section One Goddess Symbology
1 Symbology of "self-existence "
2 Symbology of Goddess's positive features
3 Symbol of Goddess's negative features
Section Two Humanoid and Non-humanoid Goddesses
1 Ancient goddesses have a human form
2 Figures from two to God Alien God
Section Three Discussion on the Saying of Gao Tang's Goddess Being a Witch
1 Divine manifestation
2 Sacred injection
3 Imitation of gods
4 Externalization of being "invisible"
Chapter Nine "Great Mother" Interpretation: From Kunpeng Myth addressed Ichthyornis Mutual Movement Scheme
Section One Two Types of Kunpeng Myth
Section two Subtypes of Ichthyornis Myth
1 Continuation of Ichthyornis myth
2 Coexistence of Ichthyornis myth
Section Three Ichthyornis myth moving picture and its meaning
Chapter Ten Factors Affecting the Value of the Evaluation of the Goddess
Section One General Evaluation of the Goddess' Value
1 Roles of reproduction and life
2 Differentiation and strengthening of gender roles
3 Differentiation of identity and grade
Section Two Caste Hierarchy and Mythology
1 God, Gion, Ghost
2 Ruling class's will
3 Folk religion on goddesses
4 Confucianism, Taoism, Buddhism, Necromancy
Section Three Mental Imagery of Goddesses
1 Unconscious Experience
2 Goddess Symbology
3 Unconscious cultural dissemination
4 Traditional practices inert
Conclusion and Epilogue Goddess in Relationship
1 Goddess in a relationship
2 Look twice at "Fainting Goddess"
3 Epilogue