The United Nations' lead entities in policy consultation and gender equality are approving a U.S. $ 790,000 programme, aiming to incorporate gender perspectives into the core macroeconomic policies.
The United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD) and UN Women will work together to integrate gender perspectives into patterns of the country's economic growth and development, especially focusing on the influences of unpaid labor and the care economy.
UNCTAD Deputy Secretary-General Joakim Reiter said that macroeconomics is normally regarded as 'gender neutral', but macroeconomic structures and benefits have a significant influence on gender. The official also noted that, "Different types of economic upheaval and growth patterns will affect men and women differently".
For instance, the demand for women in labor-intensive export-oriented economies is relatively higher than that for their male counterparts, and economic austerity measures will have a larger impact on mothers and children.
UN Women Deputy Executive Director Yannick Glemarec said, "Macroeconomic policies are key factors of gender equality as they create an external environment conducive to women's economic empowerment. In fact, gender-responsive macroeconomic policies can benefit everyone, providing people with a fairer and more dynamic social and economic development environment."
Focusing on the "care economy", the UNCTAD and UN Women will work on:
- Researching the development of gender equality and capturing the diversity of developing countries' practices and experiences while providing internationally comparable measures.
- Researching and analyzing the relationship between macroeconomic policies and gender equality so as to provide data support for policy making.
- A joint publication on gender and macroeconomics, with a view to raising consciousness and understanding the gendered influences of different macroeconomic policies.
- Setting up a new training program for officials from developing countries, especially from the finance and planning departments so as to make macroeconomic policies more economically effective and gender equal.
A high-level panel meeting will be held after the one-year joint programme with a view to sharing the publications and research findings with policy-makers, academics and non-governmental social organizations.
(Source: China Women's News / Translated and edited by Gender Study Network)