Gender differences and the perception of effectiveness on poverty - alleviation policies ： A sampling survey of the poverty - stricken areas in Hubei, Hunan and Guizhou
Journal of Yunnan Nationalities University：Social Sciences 2015-3
Abstract：In our traditional discourse, women are described in such a stereotype as "long hair but poor wit". In villages, this stereo- type finds expression in the following： the women only care about their own family affairs but the men play a solo role in community activities. In reality, the women are active in community activities since the rural male labor force is drawn out by the market economy. This survey has found that gender differences have obvious effects on the perception of effectiveness on poverty-alleviation policies because men tend to improve individual qualities while the women focus more on their development at the community level. The causes include fewer opportunities for women to go out, their expectation of the conventional female role, the misleading traditional conception of women's absence in community participation, and their stronger policy demands. Thus, poverty-alleviation policies should consider gender differences to wake up feminine gender consciousness, introduce gender sensitive theories and establish organizations for poverty-stricken women.
Keywords：gender differences, poverty- alleviation policy, perception of effectiveness