Law Needs a Perfect Rule——From the Case of "Zhang Xueying vs. Jiang Lunfang"; Noting the Improvements to Systems Related to China's Succession Law and Marriage Law
Journal of China Women's University 2015-6
Abstract：The article starts with a case that occurred years ago and articulates that our nation's Succession Law and Marriage Law, due to their excessive principle-orientation and thus lack of applicability, as well as the absence of relevant regulations, compel legal professionals to judge such category of cases with basic principles such as public order and fair customs doctrine. The differences of opinions on relevant issues between academics and practitioners of law often expose the court’s judgments to challenges from various sides and forces undue burdens onto the court. Besides, public order and fair customs doctrine is a remarkably futile and extremely abstract concept, its essence changes with time, and thus results in the bipolar tendency of its application and effects. In order to cope with the stability of law, legal theory and practice mainly resolve the issue with either categorization or value complement. However, both solutions have imperfections in term of applicability: the approach of categorization necessitates long-term accumulation and summary of cases, while the approach of value complement suffers from excess of subjectivity and, in the context of the recent establishment of our nation’s case-directive system and the excessive influence of the judge’s quality and related factors onto legal practice, too much discretion of the judge is very likely to engender judiciary unfairness. Nothing could address this issue better than enhancing relevant legal systems and making it realistically possible for the judge to pass judgments in compliance with the law.
Keywords：public order and fair customs doctrine, forced heirdom system, consortium system, execution of joint property rights