Rural Women

The Intergenerational Relationship of Rural Migrant Parents under the Background of Urbanization:An Analysis Based on Intergenerational Solidarity Model

Jin Xiaoyi
School of Public Policy and Administration, Xi'an Jiaotong University
Population Journal 2015-2

Abstract:With the accelerated urbanization process, the rural migrants move their families into cities increasingly and the size of rural migrant parents will also continue to increase. Intergenerational family relationship has an important impact on rural migrant parents' welfare, yet it doesn't attract close attention by the inflow government and academia. Using the data from a 2013 survey of rural migrant parents in P District, Shenzhen and based on the intergenerational solidarity model, this paper discusses the intergenerational relationship of rural migrant parents under the background of urbanization. The results indicate that the economic development especially urbanization in China has changed the traditional intergenerational family relationship. Rural migrant parents' co-residence with their migrant children enhanced the intergenerational solidarity in rural migrant families. Daughters played more active roles in intergenerational family relationship, leading to weakening of traditional gender division of labor in family support. Relying on their children to support rural migrant parents can hardly meet their real demand, while social support will gradually become one choice of rural migrant parents. This paper is a beneficial exploration to apply the intergenerational solidarity model to analyze rural migrant parents' intergenerational relationship, and it will provide the practical basis for the inflow government's policymaking on the improvement of rural migrant parents' welfare and the realization of the equal access to basic public services in inflow areas by rural migrants and their families.
Keywords:Rural Migrant Parents, Rural Migrants, Intergenerational Solidarity

Paper type:Published