The proportion of juvenile criminals dropped from 3.39 percent to 1.51 percent in the past five years due to government policies, an official told a conference at Shanghai's political and legal affairs commission.
A special group for preventing juvenile delinquency was set up in 2012 by the city's comprehensive management commission and all 16 districts and towns set up their own special groups to form a citywide network to carry out legal promotion activities and services.
For example, the anti-drug office has organized more than 210,000 local students to visit the Shanghai Museum of Anti-Drug Scientific Education to help them learn harm drug can cause.
Shanghai has also built up a group of social workers to prevent juvenile delinquency. The first special organization for this purpose, the Shanghai Sunshine Community Youth Affairs Center, was set up in 2004. Another four have been added.
The five organizations have 683 social workers, who visit detention houses to help with correcting youth delinquent conduct and with psychological counseling.
As juveniles from outside Shanghai account for more than 80 percent of all juvenile crimes in the city, the government began in 2013 to expand its work of preventing juvenile delinquency to long-term residents, including migrant families, rather than merely locals.
It also divided the youth into five categories, including those guilty of misconduct, disengaged teenagers, homeless, underage children of prisoners and left-behind children in rural areas to help them achieve personal development and improve their life.
There are 13 reformatory schools in Shanghai, which have helped more than 9,000 children over the past three years.
Social workers also focus on large markets, where many migrants work, to help with employment, social integration, dating and marriage.
They are already working in five major markets in the city, including the clothing market on Qipu Road. The city's human resources and social security bureau and youth league launched a campaign in 2012 to help long-term jobless young find work or start businesses.